EVOLUTION AND THE FALL OF THE ALMAJIRI EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IN NORTHERN NIGERIA: A CRITICAL REVIEW

Aliji Ure Onuoha, Yinghua Chen, Aminata Maldulnatu Kamara

Abstract


Historical accounts of the Almajiri system show that it occupied a pre-eminent place in the development of the socio-economic pillars of modern Nigeria. In its blissful era, most of the graduates of the Almajiri system obtained good paying jobs; farming, fishing, construction, masonry, production, trade, tailoring, small businesses etc. They did not solely rely on the support of the society rendered. Many of them were the farmers of the northern Nigerian cotton and peanut farmlands. They formed the majority of the traders in the profit-making city of Kano state. They were the leather masters and leather accessory makers in the old Sokoto Empire. However, the coming of the British was the worse turning point for the Almajiri system. Emirs were killed and the system was destroyed completely to where it is today. This is the reason for its pitiable state in comparison to what it was and the esteem it once held. This paper reviews the evolution of the Almajiri system of education in northern Nigeria. It documents its fall and the current state of the ones popular educational system.


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