The Effect of Smart Mobile Devices Ownership and Usage on Insomnia among Health Trainees in Ghana

Joseph Owusu-Marfo, Zhou Lulin, Yaw Missah, Henry Asante Antwi, Jonathan Kissi, Isaac Asare, Jonathan Banahene

Abstract


Introduction:  Quality of sleep is an essential need of humans especially the young and the old. A good night or good sleep is a great determinant of one’s ability to function effectively and efficiently during the daytime events. Objective: The main objective of this study is to ascertain the effect of the use of smart mobile devices on sleep quality that may lead to insomnia. It verifies whether the frequent use of smart mobile devices have any effects on sleeping habits that lead to any sleeping disorder. Method: A cross-sectional study design was used to assess the evidence of relationship between smart mobile device usage and sleep duration, subjective sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, and sleep quality index, of respondents as well as their demographic characteristics. The Pittsburgh University Sleep Quality Index was used to determine the score of respondents’ sleep quality level. The research was conducted in Ghana among Health Trainees from different programmes of study comprising a sample of 490 students. Pilot study was conducted with 200 trainees from a similar Nurses’ Training College. Results: Primary insomnia was the most prevalent sleep disorder among the respondents and this formed the majority of the respondents. There was evidence of a linear by linear relationship between the frequency of the number of smart mobile devices usage and respondents with insomnia.  Conclusion: The sleep quality worsens leading to insomnia with increasing addiction of smart mobile devices usage.


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